The dominant theme of Miriam Toews’ work is the Mennonite people. Mennonites are a unique people group, a religious group that fled Russia many generations ago. Many ended up in Canada as farmers and in time have widely assimilated into modern life. Several of these types of Mennonites show up in Toews’ work but here in Women Talking she explores a more traditional group, located in South America.
While Women Talking is a work of fiction, it is based on real life event. Over a number of years in the early 2000s, in an isolated Mennonite community in Bolivia, a large number of women and girls were drugged and raped while unconscious. While initially these attacks were attributed to their demonic and seen, perhaps as punishment for these specific women, it was eventually discovered that eight men (and possibly more) in the community were responsible for these attacks. In an unprecedented move, the community involved secular authorities and the men were arrested. While those men were still in jail however, a movement began among the Mennonites to raise bail for them and bring them back to the community, presumably with the intent for the women to forgive them and live together again.
Toews’ novel takes up this story in the few days in which the men from the community, called Molotschna in the novel, have left and gone to the city to raise bail for these attackers. The women are meeting secretly to decide their own course of action. Do Nothing, Stay and Fight, or Leave. Eight women have gathered in secret to debate what should be done and, in truth, discuss their own value as human beings amidst a vastly patriarchal society where they are often times viewed as little more than livestock or chattel.
There is one man among them, August Epp. August is the narrator, the keeper of the minutes of this meeting. The women of Molotschna cannot read or write in any language. They speak a dialect of German, not English or the Spanish spoken in the country around them. They’ve asked August to keep a record for them. August is a unique figure, a man who grew up in the colony but left as a child when his parents were excommunicated. After a troubled adolescence and young adulthood, he has returned to Molotschna as the only community he knows.
It is, of course, an interesting choice to tell the story of these women through the narration of a man. August is depicted as entirely sympathetic to these women. He is an outsider himself, seen as a lesser man by the other men in the colony and though allowed back in, he is still broadly shunned. Because everything we hear and see is through August’s ears and eyes, we can never entirely know these women for themselves. That is, I think, Toews’ intent. These are women who have never been allowed to leave the community, never been allowed to make their own decisions. Even aside from the horrific rapes, they have very little autonomy over their own bodies. Their fathers and then their husbands own them.
The book is hard to read in many places. Because these women are so vulnerable. Because these attacks are so atrocious. And because we know throughout the novel that this is all based on real life. There is little action within the timeframe of the novel itself; it is “only women talking”, as the characters say more than once. This is how these women enter into and begin to seriously consider the idea of changing their whole lives. Both staying and fighting or leaving require an entirely new mindset. Toews works brilliantly too to show how faith and the tenets of being Mennonites (one of which is pacifism) are a part of these women. Some of the women reject these elements while others cling to them and claim them as their own, even as they seek something new for themselves and their children. They worry about eternal punishment and forgiveness even as they acknowledge that everything they know about their own belief system comes from the men around them.
There’s a lot in this novel and, as I said, it’s hard to read at times, especially certain mentions of the children who were not spared from the nighttime attackers. Over and over again Toews handles this real world story with care and dignity. She brings her characters to life, imbuing them with individuality and humour and rage and love, providing them a dignity that all people deserve.
12 thoughts on “Book Review: Women Talking by Miriam Toews”
Terrific review, Karissa. These courageous women and their story sound fascinating, without the author descending into sensationalism.
Thank you! I think Toews did a respectful job of telling this story. It’s a fictional version but she does well at remembering that there are real people behind it.
This does sound excellent, if very difficult to read. I went off Toews after I really disliked All My Puny Sorrows, but this sounds like it might be worth giving her another try.
I never love Toews’ work but I’m always drawn in by it. What put you off about All My Puny Sorrows? Everything I’ve read by her explores or relates to Mennonites somehow but this book felt different. It’s the first I’ve read from her that focused on characters still fully immersed in their faith and I thought she approached that very thoughtfully and with sincerity.
I think my issue with All My Puny Sorrows was its treatment of Yoli. What Elf is asking her is such a selfish request – basically, “please destroy your relationship with the rest of our family, so that you have no support network when you’re a) grieving and b) possibly in trouble with the law” – and it’s treated as quite reasonable by the novel. I know it was based on Toews’ own experiences with her sister so I feel bad saying this – but I have someone with severe and enduring mental health problems in my family, so probably transferring a bit of my own feelings about the whole situation. I felt like the novel was written with a lack of empathy for Yoli, even though she was clearly Toews’ self-insert character! That’s why I think I might get on better with another plot, as I did like her writing style.
That all makes a lot of sense. I find that I never fully love Toews’ books but I’m always fascinated with them. Thinking on this one, it feels really different from all of her others and I think it is because it’s the least influenced by her own experiences. At the same time, I think she treats the characters with a great sympathy that is informed by her own background.
Did you recently review another book by this author? I am having total deja vu, because I remember telling you (or someone??) that my college was founded by Mennonites.
Yes, that was me! I read and reviewed her most recent book, Fight Night.
This is one of the books I really must read, Toews writing is so stunning and the premise of this one really interests me. The idea of a book being just women talking appeals to me, although it no doubt dissuades people too – it would be a lot to take in, especially children being abused like that, ugh.
It’s interesting because it is just women but through the voice of the man acting as their scribe. It almost feels like a historical novel because the community still lives in such a rudimentary way. Toews treats her characters with a lot of sympathy and I think that’s a major reason that the story works here. I almost stopped when it touched on the abuse of children but fortunately it doesn’t focus too heavily on that.
[…] Women Talking – Miriam Toews (Alfred A. Knopf, 2018) […]
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